This was among the most brutal, bloody and Godforsaken times in the usa. The Sixties in the South were bad for us, but the Civil War was far worse. Why the South”liked Dixie” and wanted to create another nation within the United States, one under the Mason-Dixon Line, is tough to fathom. People in the South also utilised to put on Civil War”recreations,” like it was”fun” somehow, where actors pretended to”perish” in the significant battles of the War, which has been described by historians as a war in which”brother killed brother.”
The Union included all completely free states and also the five slave-holding Border States, and its leaders were President Abraham Lincoln and the Republican Party, which was actually the original version of what later became the Democratic Party.
The Republicans at the time opposed the expansion of slavery into USA owned lands overseas, and Lincoln’s victory in the presidential election of 1860 led to seven of the southern nations declaring secession from the Union, which occurred before Lincoln took office.
The war itself began on April 12 of 1861, with Confederate forces attacking a Union military installation at Fort Sumter in South Carolina. President Lincoln soon formed up a large volunteer army of northerners, but four more southern states then announced their secession. Over the first year of the war, the Union assumed management of the Border States, establishing a naval blockade, but both sides amassed huge armies and resources.
Some 620,000 Americans died fighting this bloody war, heralded as”the battle between brother and brother in the land of freedom.” Many men who fought it were family members associated with each other. The war caused an untold number of civilian casualties, financially destroying the white South. It left huge farm fields strewn with bodies, as newer weapons technology caused massive damage.
This war went down in history as the worst one America ever fought, which is probably a major reason why the South still remembers it. White northerners certainly recall their”attitude adjustment” problems over their loss, which include references to the South”rising again” and somehow even, yes, seceding from the Union. The majority of this latter”ranting” has died down, because Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr. led the Civil Rights Movement of the 1960s.
Howsoever, during the Civil War, the snowy North offered opportunities to blacks if they fought for them, while the South really used black soldiers themselves, being able to press their own slaves into battle. However, this is where the Emancipation Proclamation came to play, and what made it famous was that its”war target” was ending southern slavery. This seriously complicated the Confederacy’s manpower shortages, and probably helped the Union to eventually win. But the whole country, especially the South itself, was horribly torn up and devastated, and needed reparations over a great period of time, causing the South to dream of white vengeance.
Confederate General Robert E. Lee won several successes initially over the Union army, but Lee’s loss at Gettysburg in 1863 turned into the war over to the North. Union General Ulysses S. Grant fought several gruesome battles with Lee in 1864 which forced the Confederate general to defend the Confederate capital in Richmond, Virginia. Then Union General William Sherman captured Atlanta, Georgia, beginning his famous March to the Sea, devastating a hundred-mile area in Georgia. The Confederate resistance soon collapsed, after Lee surrendered to Grant at Appomattox Court House in April of 1865 in Virginia.
The war had been caused primarily by the conflict over”the question of slavery.” The coexistence of a slave-owning South with an increasingly abolitionist North wasn’t well borne, and the battle was inevitable. Meanwhile, President Lincoln wouldn’t propose federal laws against slavery where it already existed, although in his 1858″A House Divided” speech, he had stated his plans to”arrest the further spread of it, and place it where the public mind shall rest in the belief it is in the course of ultimate extinction.”
Lincoln was often wishy-washy about ending slavery, wanting to make concessions to the South, so Dr. King was not his most enthusiastic supporter, as well as other civil rights leaders. MLK apparently vastly enjoyed getting to speak in Washington D.C. following the”March for Jobs, Peace and Freedom” in 1963 at the bottom of the Lincoln Memorial, a giant white statue – since he got to outclass Lincoln with more people listen to what a black man had to say for a change. That is where King gave his”I Have a Dream” speech, confirming what Lincoln really wanted to believe. MLK was assassinated primarily for trying to end the”baggage” of years of oppression due to slavery. He wanted blacks to get jobs, and also to end the Viet Nam War – not his most popular stage.
But slavery back in the 1800s was the dilemma of the century in America. Consequently, the most pitched American political battle of the 1850s was over the expansion of slavery into the newly created lands, which had been bought from France through its emperor, Napoleon Bonaparte. This was the Louisiana Purchase. All of these new organized territories were set to become free-soil states, which pushed the South into secession, for both the North and the South knew that if slavery could not expand any further, it would die. Too many federal and state laws had been passed, banning the importation of additional slaves, for instance.
The South’s fears of losing control of State’s Rights to the federal government and the abolitionists, and the contrasting northern fears that”slave power” (I think that phrase may be from where Stokely Carmichael got”Black Power”) was controlling the government pushed the ongoing crisis to the wall in the late 1850s. Both the North and South were influenced by the thoughts of Thomas Jefferson from his”Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions,” which highlighted State’s Rights and the right of revolution said in the Declaration of Independence, but they translated them wildly differently from one another.
However, to oppose these views, Confederate Vice President Alexander Stephens wrote”A Constitutional View of the Late War Between the States.” He thought slavery was the”cornerstone of the Confederacy,” asserting that the war was not over slavery, but instead concerned State’s Rights. Stephens became among the South’s staunch defenders of what was becoming known as the”Lost Cause,” the endeavor to maintain the South’s”grand glory days.”